Scandinavian Mythology: Introduction by H.R. Ellis Davidson (1969)

Source: Viking and Norse Mythology, pp. 6-15 We tend to think of Scandinavian mythology as the beliefs of the Vikings, those tough adventurers who were the scourge of Christian lands in the ninth and tenth centuries, whose ships sailed all the seas of the known world, and who left traces of their activities from Greenland to the … Continue reading Scandinavian Mythology: Introduction by H.R. Ellis Davidson (1969)

After the Bronze Age: Conclusion by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

Source: ‘Part II: After the Bronze Age,’ Chariot of the Sun and Other Rites and Symbols of the Northern Bronze Age, 1969, pp. 180-183.   It is now possible to attempt an answer to the question asked at the beginning of the second section of this book. The main symbols of the Bronze Age seen … Continue reading After the Bronze Age: Conclusion by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

After the Bronze Age: The Twins by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

Source: ‘Part II: After the Bronze Age,’ Chariot of the Sun and Other Rites and Symbols of the Northern Bronze Age, 1969, pp. 176-179. The symbol of two male figures side by side, sometimes holding axes and apparently associated with the sun, was clearly important in the Bronze Age, and Sprockhoff (1954, pp. 87-90) has … Continue reading After the Bronze Age: The Twins by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

After the Bronze Age: Birds by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

Source: ‘Part II: After the Bronze Age,’ Chariot of the Sun and Other Rites and Symbols of the Northern Bronze Age, 1969, pp. 174-176. The bird costumes of the Bronze Age are echoed in traditions of the later heathen period. The water birds, swans, ducks and geese, who are associated in the Bronze Age with … Continue reading After the Bronze Age: Birds by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

After the Bronze Age: The Stag by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

Source: ‘Part II: After the Bronze Age,’ Chariot of the Sun and Other Rites and Symbols of the Northern Bronze Age, 1969, pp. 172-174.   The stag was of great importance among the Celtic peoples in the Roman period, and appears in a prominent position on the Gundestrup bowl, with a god-like figure thought to … Continue reading After the Bronze Age: The Stag by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

After the Bronze Age: The Horse by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

Source: ‘Part II: After the Bronze Age,’ Chariot of the Sun and Other Rites and Symbols of the Northern Bronze Age, 1969, pp. 167-172. The horse continues to be a symbol of great religious significance throughout the pagan period. Once more there is a dearth of evidence in the centuries following the Bronze Age, and … Continue reading After the Bronze Age: The Horse by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

After the Bronze Age: Goat by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

Source: ‘Part II: After the Bronze Age,’ Chariot of the Sun and Other Rites and Symbols of the Northern Bronze Age, 1969, pp. 166. Some of the figures on gold bracteates of the Migration period have been identified as goats, but it is difficult to make a clear distinction between goats and horned horses or … Continue reading After the Bronze Age: Goat by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)