Scandinavian Mythology: Introduction by H.R. Ellis Davidson (1969)

Source: Viking and Norse Mythology, pp. 6-15 We tend to think of Scandinavian mythology as the beliefs of the Vikings, those tough adventurers who were the scourge of Christian lands in the ninth and tenth centuries, whose ships sailed all the seas of the known world, and who left traces of their activities from Greenland to the … Continue reading Scandinavian Mythology: Introduction by H.R. Ellis Davidson (1969)

After the Bronze Age: The Twins by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

Source: ‘Part II: After the Bronze Age,’ Chariot of the Sun and Other Rites and Symbols of the Northern Bronze Age, 1969, pp. 176-179. The symbol of two male figures side by side, sometimes holding axes and apparently associated with the sun, was clearly important in the Bronze Age, and Sprockhoff (1954, pp. 87-90) has … Continue reading After the Bronze Age: The Twins by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

After the Bronze Age: The Stag by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

Source: ‘Part II: After the Bronze Age,’ Chariot of the Sun and Other Rites and Symbols of the Northern Bronze Age, 1969, pp. 172-174.   The stag was of great importance among the Celtic peoples in the Roman period, and appears in a prominent position on the Gundestrup bowl, with a god-like figure thought to … Continue reading After the Bronze Age: The Stag by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

After the Bronze Age: The Horse by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

Source: ‘Part II: After the Bronze Age,’ Chariot of the Sun and Other Rites and Symbols of the Northern Bronze Age, 1969, pp. 167-172. The horse continues to be a symbol of great religious significance throughout the pagan period. Once more there is a dearth of evidence in the centuries following the Bronze Age, and … Continue reading After the Bronze Age: The Horse by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

After the Bronze Age: Hands by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

Source: ‘Part II: After the Bronze Age,’ Chariot of the Sun and Other Rites and Symbols of the Northern Bronze Age, 1969, pp. 158-159.   Like the footprints, the symbol of the hand is not prominent in the later heathen period. In the Roman period the hand was included among votive offerings, and one in … Continue reading After the Bronze Age: Hands by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

After the Bronze Age: Ships by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

Source: ‘Part II: After the Bronze Age,’ Chariot of the Sun and Other Rites and Symbols of the Northern Bronze Age, 1969, pp. 155-158. The Gotland stones of the fifth century A.D. frequently show a whirling disk with a ship beneath it, some with oars along the side, others including figures of the rowers and … Continue reading After the Bronze Age: Ships by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

After the Bronze Age: Snakes by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

Source: ‘Part II: After the Bronze Age,’ Chariot of the Sun and Other Rites and Symbols of the Northern Bronze Age, 1969, pp. 153-155. Throughout the heathen period serpents remain powerful symbols in Scandinavian art. In Roman times the serpent crowned with horns, a Bronze Age symbol, is still found associated with the war-god in Celtic art … Continue reading After the Bronze Age: Snakes by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)