After the Bronze Age: Farm Animals by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

Source: ‘Part II: After the Bronze Age,’ Chariot of the Sun and Other Rites and Symbols of the Northern Bronze Age, 1969, pp. 163-166. The Bull The bull loses his ancient importance in later heathen times in the north, and is replaced by the horse. The same seems to be true of Celtic paganism where … Continue reading After the Bronze Age: Farm Animals by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

After the Bronze Age: The Sacred Marriage by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

Source: ‘Part II: After the Bronze Age,’ Chariot of the Sun and Other Rites and Symbols of the Northern Bronze Age, 1969, pp. 161-163. The concept of the sacred marriage is not very evident in the literature of the later heathen period, but there are significant clues pointing in that direction. Sets of tiny plates … Continue reading After the Bronze Age: The Sacred Marriage by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

After the Bronze Age: Trees by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

Source: ‘Part II: After the Bronze Age,’ Chariot of the Sun and Other Rites and Symbols of the Northern Bronze Age, 1969, pp. 159-161. Sacred groves are known to have been important in the cults of the Germanic and Celtic peoples, and there is evidence that the tree was an important symbol in the Celtic … Continue reading After the Bronze Age: Trees by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

After the Bronze Age: Hands by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

Source: ‘Part II: After the Bronze Age,’ Chariot of the Sun and Other Rites and Symbols of the Northern Bronze Age, 1969, pp. 158-159.   Like the footprints, the symbol of the hand is not prominent in the later heathen period. In the Roman period the hand was included among votive offerings, and one in … Continue reading After the Bronze Age: Hands by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

After the Bronze Age: Ships by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

Source: ‘Part II: After the Bronze Age,’ Chariot of the Sun and Other Rites and Symbols of the Northern Bronze Age, 1969, pp. 155-158. The Gotland stones of the fifth century A.D. frequently show a whirling disk with a ship beneath it, some with oars along the side, others including figures of the rowers and … Continue reading After the Bronze Age: Ships by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

After the Bronze Age: Snakes by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

Source: ‘Part II: After the Bronze Age,’ Chariot of the Sun and Other Rites and Symbols of the Northern Bronze Age, 1969, pp. 153-155. Throughout the heathen period serpents remain powerful symbols in Scandinavian art. In Roman times the serpent crowned with horns, a Bronze Age symbol, is still found associated with the war-god in Celtic art … Continue reading After the Bronze Age: Snakes by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

After the Bronze Age: Footprints by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)

Source: 'Part II: After the Bronze Age,' Chariot of the Sun and Other Rites and Symbols of the Northern Bronze Age, 1969, pp. 152-153. The footprints found so frequently on the rocks among the other Bronze Age carvings, sometimes in pairs and sometimes singly, do not appear in any recognizable context in later heathen times. There are … Continue reading After the Bronze Age: Footprints by Hilda Ellis Davidson (1969)